This exhibit is a overview of the life and accomplishments of Egypt's third President. Anwar El Sadat, born December 25, 1918 served as President from October 15, 1970 until his assassination on October 6, 1981. He was a senior member of the Free Officers group that overthrew the Muhammad Ali Dynasty in the Egyptian Revolution of 1952, and a close confidant of Gamal Abdel Nasser, whom he succeeded as President in 1970.
In his eleven years as president, Sadat changed Egypt's direction, departing from some of the economic and political principles of Nasserism by reinstituting the multi-party system and launching the Infitah. His leadership in the October War of 1973 and the regaining of Sinai made him an Egyptian hero. His courageous visit to Israel and the eventual Israel-Egypt Peace Treaty won him Western praise (along with Arab scorn) and changed Egypt's image in the West to a positive one.